Dextrose, fructo-oligosaccharides, yeast products, sodium chloride, potassium chloride.
Preservatives: Soidium citrates – 57 950 mg/kg; Trace elements: Zinc (zinc chelate of glycine) – 1 250 mg/kg; Flavourings: L-glutamic acid – 250 000 mg/kg; Gut flora stabilisers: Enterococcus faecium – 6.5 · 10^10 CFU/kg.
Sodium 4.30%; Potassium 1.55%; Crude protein 27.89%; Crude fibres 0.02%; Crude fat 0.01%; Crude ash 13.40%; Total sugars 37.00%
How do its active ingredients work?
It replaces the fecal losses of K and Cl and favors the absorption of water. Severe hypokalemia can cause significant problems in cardiac function.
It replaces the fecal losses of Na and Cl and favors the absorption of water.
It favors the intestinal absorption of water and sodium, thanks to the coupled transport sodium/glucose in the mucosa of the small intestine. Glucose is actively absorbed in the intestine and with it the sodium and water are dragged. In diarrheal conditions, the absorption of sodium is destabilized, while the glucose absorption system remains intact.
As it is a buffering salt, it helps to combat the metabolic acidosis caused by the loss of fluids from the caudal small intestine and large intestine, which contain a higher bicarbonate concentration than plasma. Trisodium citrate is converted to bicarbonate in the liver on a 1:3 basis. Thus, through the citric acid cycle, one molecule of citrate consumes 3 protons and results in 3 molecules of bicarbonate.
Highly-bioavailable source of zinc. It plays a role in maintaining intestinal barrier integrity and function at tight junctional level, thus preventing the entry of antigens, toxics and pathogenic bacteria that cause inflammation.
It improves the balance of the intestinal microbiota. Competition for nutrients, adhesion sites, and the production of antimicrobial substances (short-chain fatty acids, defensins, etc.) inhibit the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria, while favoring the development of beneficial.
Prebiotic component, which indicates that it withstands digestion and enters the large intestine in an intact form, where it serves as an energy source for the beneficial bacteria (Lactobacillus spp, Bacteroides spp, and Bifidobacterium spp), thus stimulating their growth and/or their activity. As a result of its fermentation, the production of toxic substances (ammonia and biogenic amines) decreases and the release of short-chain fatty acids (acetate, propionate, lactate, and butyrate) increases in the intestinal lumen, reducing the presence of pathogenic bacteria (E. coli and C. perfringens), thanks to the reduction of the colonic pH.
They bind and remove pathogens from the gastrointestinal tract, since mannans act as receptor analogs for Type-1 fimbriae, present in gram-negative pathogenic bacteria (E. coli and Salmonella). They also stimulate the immune system by increasing the secretion of IgA and thus the local resistance to antigen invasion.
Precursor of glutamin, a conditionally essential amino acid necessary during intestinal recovery. As the preferred energy substrate for rapidly dividing cells, glutamine is necessary for maintaining gut-mucosal integrity and gut-associated lymphatic tissues, thus preventing gut atrophy and bacterial translocation.