Dicalcium phosphate, brewer’s yeast, flavoring byproduct (hydrolyzed pork and chicken liver), sodium chloride, magneisum oxide.
Preservatives: Potassium citrates – 67 500 mg/kg; Vitamins: Vitamin A – 118 563 IU/kg, Vitamin B1 – 69 mg/kg, Vitamin B2 – 106 mg/kg, Vitamin B6 – 31 mg/kg, Vitamin B12 – 1 mg/kg, Vitamin C – 1 250 mg/kg, Vitamin D3 – 18 750 IU/kg, Calcium-D-pantothenate – 205 mg/kg, Vitamin E – 6 250 IU/kg, Biotin – 4 mg/kg, Choline chloride – 28 750 mg/kg, Folic acid – 14 mg/kg, Niacinamide – 313 mg/kg; Trace elements: Iron (iron chelate of glycine) – 875 mg/kg, Iodine (calcium iodate) – 29.8 mg/kg, Copper (copper chelate of glycine) – 104 mg/kg, Manganese (manganous sulphate) – 84 mg/kg, Zinc (zinc chelate of glycine) – 1 875 mg/kg, Selenium (sodium selenite) – 4.4 mg/kg.
Calcium 8.10%; Sodium 1.38%; Potassium 6.75%; Phosphorus 5.40%; Crude protein 16.50%; Crude fibres 1.44%; Crude fat 2.76%; Crude ash 43.29%
How do its active ingredients work?
It is required for healthy vision, in particular adaptation to darkness. It is also involved in the synthesis of reproduction hormones and protein synthesis, as well as regulating the growth of skin cells and the production of sebum.
It plays an essential role in the regulation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism by increasing intestinal absorption of both minerals, optimizing calcium incorporation into bone and reducing the loss of calcium and phosphorus in the urine.
It helps to protect the cell membranes from free radical damage and strengthens the immune system.
It is the most powerful reducing agent available for cells. Vitamin C regenerates glutathione enzyme and quenches free radicals both intra and extracellularly.
It is involved in many complex biochemical reactions that help generate energy for the cell. It is essential for healthy functioning of the nervous system, where it assists in transmission of sensory impulses.
It contributes to skin and coat health. A deficiency can produce skin changes around the eyes and the abdomen.
It helps protect the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats, particularly ceramides, to help limit skin dehydration.
As an element in coenzyme A, pantothenic acid is involved in almost every metabolic process. In synergy with other B vitamins (niacin and choline) it helps protect the skin by promoting the synthesis of skin fats.
As a coenzyme it plays multiple roles in different metabolic pathways, especially those of amino acids.
It is one of the most important vitamins for a glossy coat and healthy skin, as well as being directly involved in the healthy functioning of the nervous system.
It is involved in the development of the tissues of the nervous system.
It is a coenzyme in many essential biochemical reactions and also plays a primary role in the synthesis of proteins and the production of red cells.
It works to build the cell membranes. It also plays a role in protecting the skin from dehydration and it is essential for healthy liver function.
Over 90% of calcium found in the body is retained in the bones and teeth where, along with phosphorus, it is responsible for making these structures rigid. Calcium also plays a role in transfer of information between the cells and in the transmission of nerve impulses.
A large proportion (over 80%) of phosphorus found in the body is retained in the bones and teeth where, together with calcium, it is responsible for making these structures rigid. It is a constituent of cell membranes and is required for energy production. Phosphorus is a structural component of DNA and RNA, the molecules that carry the cell’s genetic code.
It is essential for the correct functioning of the cell, and together with sodium this mineral is responsible for maintaining the acid base balance. Potassium is also responsible for nerve impulse transmission and plays an important role in energy metabolism.
Together with potassium it maintains acid base balance and is also responsible for maintaining pressure between the inside and outside of the cell. It also plays a major role in cellular energy metabolism and is involved in nerve impulse generation and transmission. Sodium is also important for regulation of water balance, the sensation of thirst and urinary concentration.
It is important in maintaining the concentration of extracellular fluid and plays a role in acid base balance.
It plays a role in energy metabolism, DNA and RNA metabolism, protein synthesis, muscle and nerve cell membrane function. Magnesium is also, like calcium and phosphorus, an important constituent of bone and teeth.
It is an essential constituent of the thyroid hormones which is important for growth, development and the regulation of metabolic rate.
It plays a vital role in reducing cellular damage caused by free radicals. Selenium also plays a support role in immune response.
It is a vital component of haemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen around the body in red blood cells, and of myoglobin, which does the same job in muscle. Iron also has many enzymatic functions, especially with respect to cellular respiration.
It is the co-factor for around 200 zinc-containing enzymes involved in cell replication, carbohydrate and protein metabolism, and membrane structure. It is essential for the transport of vitamin A in the blood and plays an important role in reproduction. It is also crucial for collagen and keratin synthesis and is therefore a fundamental element involved in skin and coat health, and wound healing.
It plays an active role in the correct functioning of the mitochondria, and is important for the formation of bone and joint cartilage and neurological function. Manganese also plays a structural role in many enzymes.
It facilitates the intestinal absorption of iron and its incorporation into haemoglobin. It is an active element in many enzymes. Copper plays an important role in reducing cellular damage caused by free radicals. Copper is also involved in the synthesis of collagen in the tendons and the myelin within the nervous system. Copper also participates in the synthesis of melanin, which is a hair pigment.